Opened 11 years ago
Last modified 21 months ago
#9386 needs_work defect
sagenativeexecute leaves traces of sage
Reported by:  nbruin  Owned by:  tbd 

Priority:  major  Milestone:  sagepending 
Component:  scripts  Keywords:  
Cc:  iandrus, leif, vbraun  Merged in:  
Authors:  Nils Bruin, Thierry Monteil  Reviewers:  
Report Upstream:  N/A  Work issues:  
Branch:  u/nbruin/sage_native_execute_leaves_traces_of_sage (Commits, GitHub, GitLab)  Commit:  c4fdc67276c68758cff3aa4bd297efc1e043cec4 
Dependencies:  Stopgaps: 
Description
The following shows that sagenativeexecute
creates a very hostile environment for running python:
$ sage sh Starting subshell with Sage environment variables set. Be sure to exit when you are done and do not do anything with other copies of Sage! Bypassing shell configuration files ... > sagenativeexecute sh sh3.2$ python python: error while loading shared libraries: libpython2.6.so.1.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory sh3.2$ which python /usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/bin/python sh3.2$ /usr/bin/python 'import site' failed; use v for traceback Python 2.4.3 (#1, Jun 11 2009, 14:09:37) [GCC 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.244)] on linux2 Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information. sh3.2$ echo $PYTHONPATH :/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/lib/python sh3.2$ echo $PYTHONHOME /usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local sh3.2$ unset PYTHONPATH sh3.2$ unset PYTHONHOME sh3.2$ /usr/bin/python Python 2.4.3 (#1, Jun 11 2009, 14:09:37) [GCC 4.1.2 20080704 (Red Hat 4.1.244)] on linux2 Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
The problem is python
refers to the sage python, because $PATH still has sage paths in it. This doesn't run because LD_LIBRARY_PATH does not point at sage library anymore
The system python /usr/bin/python
doesn't run successfully either because PYTHONPATH and PYTHONHOME still point at sage locations.
This problem arose while trying to use the magma interface. My magma startup script uses python to resolve some paths, which didn't work anymore.
There are other traces left by sagenativeexecute:
ECLDIR=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/lib/ecl/ GP_DATA_DIR=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/share/pari GPDOCDIR=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/share/pari/doc GPHELP=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/bin/gphelp LD_LIBRARY_PATH= LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/lib/ PATH=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4:/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/bin: #..... PYTHONHOME=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local PYTHONPATH=:/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/lib/python SINGULAR_EXECUTABLE=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/bin/Singular SINGULARPATH=/usr/local/sage/4.4.4/local/share/singular
so I imagine local ecl, gp python, singular will all have problems. I include LD_LIBRARY_PATH because that variable was originally undefined, not just empty. The variables PYTHONHOME and PYTHONPATH really need to be unset, not just emptied.
Attachments (1)
Change History (40)
comment:1 Changed 9 years ago by
 Cc iandrus added
comment:2 Changed 8 years ago by
 Milestone changed from sage5.11 to sage5.12
comment:3 Changed 7 years ago by
 Milestone changed from sage6.1 to sage6.2
comment:4 Changed 7 years ago by
 Milestone changed from sage6.2 to sage6.3
comment:5 Changed 7 years ago by
 Milestone changed from sage6.3 to sage6.4
comment:6 Changed 6 years ago by
 Branch set to u/tmonteil/sage_native_execute_leaves_traces_of_sage
comment:7 Changed 6 years ago by
 Commit set to 920c897ec3c439d772f7dfef1a420fb9aec0baea
 Status changed from new to needs_review
comment:8 Changed 6 years ago by
This goes a long way towards reconstructing the starting environment. The main thing I am worried about is that a lot of variables are "restored" by unsetting them, regardless of whether they had a previous value.That could break things.
That makes me wonder whether we should do something like the following at the start of sage:
SAGE_OLD_ENV=`env  base64`
and restore it by something like
{echo $SAGE_OLD_ENV  base64 > /tmp/temp_sage_env} ; . /tmp/temp_sage_env
This doesn't actually work, but I hope you get the idea. If we go this route we should probably make a python script "store_environment", and make sagenativeexecute
a python script that restores the environment. I'm not sure if there are some unexpected security concerns involved.
In fact, we should probably do this all on Clevel with tiny programs, where we can use first the extern char **environ
pointer to get the whole (pristine) environment, and later reconstruct it and use execle
or similar to start the new process in the appropriately restored environment. The difficult part is finding an appropriate place to store the presage environment ...
I'd be fine with a more piecemeal solution as proposed here, because at least it will significantly improve the situation.
comment:9 followup: ↓ 10 Changed 6 years ago by
I agree that once Sage exports a variable, we lose the information on whether it existed before (apart from LD_LIBRARY_PATH
and PATH
which have a handmade specific workaround). This is already a problem with the ..._proxy
variables, or even LC_ALL
. Instead of storing the whole environment on a central place, i was thinking of having a modified export
function that applies to all Sage, that stores the previous value if it is not already stored (with a special flag to remember that the variable did no exist, which seems slightly different than being the empty string). So somehow, each export costs two exports, but it remains a local operation that passes the required info along subprocesses, so it is probably easier to maintain. Then, it suffices to copyorunset those values when sagenativeexecute
is called. I don't know which is best.
comment:10 in reply to: ↑ 9 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to tmonteil:
Instead of storing the whole environment on a central place, i was thinking of having a modified
export
function that applies to all Sage, that stores the previous value if it is not already stored (with a special flag to remember that the variable did no exist, which seems slightly different than being the empty string)
edit: better to store the relevant variable names in a separate variable SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES
. Then you don't have to scan all of the environment, meaning that you only have to make your script robust against strings that the script is meant to see (environments can in principle contain arbitrary nullterminated strings) /edit
The restoring bit could be easy:
 scan the entire environment for variable names of the form
SAGE_OLD_<name>
. edit: rather, retrieve<names>
s fromSAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES
. /edit For each of those:  If the value of
SAGE_OLD_<name>
is of the form+<value>
then set<name>=<value>
 If the value is empty, unset
<name>
 If value is nonempty but does not start with +: error.
That's a simple loop you can execute in sagenativeexecute
.
The difficult part is ensuring all exports adhere to the standard imposed here. You could make a bash function that does this, but not all environment setting needs to happen by bash, and we might not have easy control over all environment setting instructions (chances are we do for all variables that matter, though. If we adjust sageenv, we're probably already good). An obvious advantage is that any noncooperating environment clobbering will simply not be restored, which is not necessarily an error condition.
it remains a local operation that passes the required info along subprocesses, so it is probably easier to maintain. Then, it suffices to copyorunset those values when
sagenativeexecute
is called. I don't know which is best.
Agreed. Storing an environment in a temporary variable somewhere sounds awkward.
comment:11 followup: ↓ 12 Changed 6 years ago by
On the Python side, i did the following short enumeration:
$ grep R 'environ.*=' interfaces/qsieve.py~: os.environ['TMPDIR'] = X interfaces/qsieve.py: os.environ['TMPDIR'] = X interfaces/gp.py:os.environ["GPRC"] = os.path.join(SAGE_ETC, 'gprc.expect') repl/notebook_ipython.py: sage: os.environ['IPYTHONDIR'] = d repl/notebook_ipython.py: sage: os.environ['IPYTHONDIR'] = IPYTHONDIR repl/notebook_ipython.py: sage: os.environ['IPYTHONDIR'] = d repl/notebook_ipython.py: sage: os.environ['IPYTHONDIR'] = IPYTHONDIR repl/attach.py: sage: os.environ['SAGE_LOAD_ATTACH_PATH'] = '/veni/vidi:vici:' repl/interpreter.py: sage: os.environ['IPYTHONDIR'] = d repl/interpreter.py: sage: os.environ['IPYTHONDIR'] = IPYTHONDIR env.py: sage: os.environ['SAGE_FOO'] = 'foo' Fichier binaire env.pyc concordant doctest/forker.py: sage: os.environ['SAGE_PEXPECT_LOG'] = "1" doctest/forker.py: sage: os.environ['SAGE_PEXPECT_LOG'] = "1" geometry/polytope.py: os.environ['PATH'] = '%s:'%path + os.environ['PATH'] dev/patch.py: os.environ['TZ'] = 'UTC' dev/patch.py: os.environ['TZ'] = old_TZ misc/cython.py: sage: environ_parse('$SAGE_LOCAL') == SAGE_LOCAL misc/cython.py: sage: os.environ['DEFINE_THIS'] = 'hello'
So, this should not require much work to update, but perhaps there are other ways to modify an environment variable in Python ?
comment:12 in reply to: ↑ 11 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to tmonteil:
So, this should not require much work to update, but perhaps there are other ways to modify an environment variable in Python ?
You don't really need to fix those insitu. You just need to trigger saving the original value of the variables involved sageenv. I suspect that will be much more robust than trying to track down every site where the environment gets modified.
comment:13 Changed 6 years ago by
After quite some work, the following seems to work (and let us love Python):
sage_export () { if [ $(echo "${SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES}"  grep c " ${1} ") = 0 ] ; then SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES+=" ${1} " if [ z "${!1+set}" ] ; then declare g SAGE_SAVED_${1}='sage_unset' else declare g SAGE_SAVED_${1}=${!1} fi fi declare g ${1}=${2} export ${1} export SAGE_SAVED_${1} export SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES } sage_clean () { for VARIABLE in ${SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES} ; do declare SAGE_TMP_VAR_NAME=SAGE_SAVED_${VARIABLE} if [ "${!SAGE_TMP_VAR_NAME}" = 'sage_unset' ] ; then unset ${VARIABLE} else declare g ${VARIABLE}=${!SAGE_TMP_VAR_NAME} export ${VARIABLE} fi unset ${SAGE_TMP_VAR_NAME} done unset SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES }
comment:14 Changed 6 years ago by
Ah good. Looks like we came up with about the same solution relatively independently. Some things:
 it's nice if we can export variables and preserve their unset status. Then you can just do
sage_export UNSET_VARIABLE
and clobber it later (I did that by lettingsage_export
differentiate between 1 and 2 parameters)  you don't have to rely on a magic value to store whether or not a variable is unset: you can just unset the backup variable
 bash does have local variables for functions.
 you can avoid using grep.
comment:15 followup: ↓ 16 Changed 6 years ago by
 Status changed from needs_review to needs_work
Unsetting PATH
? Then nothing will work...
comment:16 in reply to: ↑ 15 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to jdemeyer:
Unsetting
PATH
? Then nothing will work...
Would you care to elaborate? If I do
$ . sage_restore.sh $ sage_export PATH $ PATH=bad_stuff:$PATH $ sage_restore
I end up with my original path back, not with an unset path.
I fully expect that the script needs further tuning and probably lots of quotes in all kinds of places to catch all kinds of little quirks (it's scary to think that shell scripts are the weapon of choice for complicated configuration tasks), but I think the general mechanism is fine. Do you have better suggestions? I'm not married to my implementation. If you come up with something better I'm sure we'll be happy to adopt that.
However, if you're going to suggest to unset PATH then I don't think we'll be so eager, because indeed, I think if you do that, you'll break a lot.
comment:17 Changed 6 years ago by
I didn't look at your script, just the branch here. If a ticket gets set to "needs_review", it's assumed that the branch is what should be reviewed, not some random attachment to the ticket.
comment:18 Changed 6 years ago by
 Branch changed from u/tmonteil/sage_native_execute_leaves_traces_of_sage to u/nbruin/sage_native_execute_leaves_traces_of_sage
comment:19 Changed 6 years ago by
 Commit changed from 920c897ec3c439d772f7dfef1a420fb9aec0baea to 41362681edc5377094cfc15bf734081e293b876e
Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. This was a forced push. New commits:
4136268  trac #9386: improve environment variable saving infrastructure for sageenv/sagenativeexecute

comment:20 Changed 6 years ago by
 Milestone changed from sage6.4 to sage6.5
 Status changed from needs_work to needs_review
I have tried to take the best ideas from both Thierry's and my implementation. Since sage
itself is already a bash script, there seems no loss in using bashisms in our script, so ${!var}
is fine for dereferencing.
I've ensured what I thought are important variables in sageenv
are now saved. If you want to see which are saved, do:
$ ./sage sh c 'echo $SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES' :PATH:LIBRARY_PATH:CPATH:GP_DATA_DIR:GPHELP:GPDOCDIR:GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR:GIT_EXEC_PATH:SINGULARPATH:SINGULAR_EXECUTABLE:IPYTHONDIR:PYTHON_EGG_CACHE:PYTHONPATH:PYTHONHOME:LD_LIBRARY_PATH:MPLCONFIGDIR:R_HOME:R_PROFILE:MAXIMA_PREFIX:UNAME:CC:CPP:CXX:FC:F77:F90:F95:CCACHE_BASEDIR:ECLDIR:TERMINFO
We could "save" all the SAGE_
variables as well, to ensure that sagenativeexecute
unsets those, but I would expect they would normally not get in the way.
comment:21 Changed 6 years ago by
 Commit changed from 41362681edc5377094cfc15bf734081e293b876e to 30140b4034ce3c7ced042954879db7a4d0058717
Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. This was a forced push. New commits:
30140b4  trac #9386: improve environment variable saving infrastructure for sageenv/sagenativeexecute

comment:22 Changed 6 years ago by
 Commit changed from 30140b4034ce3c7ced042954879db7a4d0058717 to b0178cfcba208f746675df1b29dcb37cbe293b91
Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. This was a forced push. New commits:
b0178cf  trac #9386: improve environment variable saving infrastructure for sageenv/sagenativeexecute

comment:23 followup: ↓ 24 Changed 6 years ago by
I like the general approach but there is still a quoting issue, when replacing
var=`command`
by
sage_export var `command`
The simplest solution might be to replace
export var=`command`
by
sage_export var var=`command`
comment:24 in reply to: ↑ 23 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to jdemeyer:
I like the general approach but there is still a quoting issue
I don't immediately see what the issue is, but I believe you. I don't think that I met that particular issue in any of the replacements I made, but if it does occur somewhere, then
The simplest solution might be to replace
export var=`command`by
sage_export var var=`command`
I agree with that approach. That was the main idea of allowing sage_export
with a single argument (and I think I did run into some more complicated manipulations where I just decided to sage_export
the variable beforehand and let the script do whatever it did before).
edit: Now I see where#!sh
comes from: The #!
is just a polite rendering of the adjective that is supposed to go in front of sh
.
For sage_export a `echo 1 2 3`
we could do
if (( $# > 1 )); then shift export $varname="$*"
but then, of course, sage_export a 1 2 3
would do the same thing, presumably with the arguments 1 2 3
rather arbitrarily joined together with spaces (almost guaranteed to trip up environment variable use elsewhere). Perhaps an error if more than 2 arguments are given?
comment:25 Changed 6 years ago by
 Commit changed from b0178cfcba208f746675df1b29dcb37cbe293b91 to c4fdc67276c68758cff3aa4bd297efc1e043cec4
Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. New commits:
c4fdc67  trac #9386: stricter error checking on parameters in sage_export and other cleanup

comment:26 followups: ↓ 27 ↓ 30 Changed 6 years ago by
There are some typos:
"and its value and, if this hasn't been done before, its value"
s/sagenative execute/sagenativeexecute/
test
takes =
, not ==
.
There are some other issues I can't all list right now... ;)
But for example,
#we need to test early that the first parameter is a valid identifier export "$varname"  return 1
should probably give a more explicit error message instead of just relying on bash's.
Otherwise, nice work. Why not define sage_restore()
in sageenv
?
It could also be extended to restore individual variables (e.g. sage_restore FOO
or sage_restore FOO BAR BAZ
).
comment:27 in reply to: ↑ 26 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to leif:
#we need to test early that the first parameter is a valid identifier export "$varname"  return 1should probably give a more explicit error message instead of just relying on bash's.
And exit 1
would be more appropriate there, I think.
comment:28 followup: ↓ 31 Changed 6 years ago by
 Status changed from needs_review to needs_work
Quoting and use of curly braces is inconsistent. At some points, quoting isn't necessary, while for example in [ z ${!varname+x} ]
quoting would be necessary for portability.
There's also a wild mixture of bash constructs and nonbash constructs, such as (( $# > 1 ))
instead of [ $# gt 1 ]
, while on the other hand e.g. [ z ... ]
is used instead of [[ z ... ]]
(the latter is btw. safe w.r.t. zero arguments / empty variables).
In [ "x$SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES" == "x${SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES/$varname}" ]
, using both "x" and quoting is superfluous , [[ $SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES = ${SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES/$varname} ]]
would suffice.
But more importantly, that check does not at all work with variable names like CXX
and CXXFLAGS
, i.e., when one name is a substring of other variable names.
comment:29 Changed 6 years ago by
 Component changed from packages: standard to scripts
 Milestone changed from sage6.5 to sage6.7
comment:30 in reply to: ↑ 26 ; followup: ↓ 32 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to leif:
Otherwise, nice work. Why not define
sage_restore()
insageenv
?
because we need it (only) in sagenativeexecute
, which in principle could be executed quite frequently. Why source sageenv
there for a routine that we only use in sagenativeexecute
? If this ever develops into a more generally used facility then, sure.
It could also be extended to restore individual variables (e.g.
sage_restore FOO
orsage_restore FOO BAR BAZ
).
which should be done if the need arises (would you prefer to do it now?)
comment:31 in reply to: ↑ 28 ; followups: ↓ 33 ↓ 34 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to leif:
[various sh/bash style comments]
Please fix! I will never be a reliable bash/sh programmer. If you have better knowledge on the pitfalls there please go ahead and make the changes. It'll be much faster than explaining to me which changes to make and then have to correct my incomplete fixes afterwards.
But more importantly, that check does not at all work with variable names like
CXX
andCXXFLAGS
, i.e., when one name is a substring of other variable names.
Oops ... The easiest fix for that is to ensure that SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES
both begins and ends with a :
and use [[ $SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES = ${SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES/:$varname:} ]]
. Or do you see a serious flaw in that too?
comment:32 in reply to: ↑ 30 ; followup: ↓ 36 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to nbruin:
Replying to leif:
Otherwise, nice work. Why not define
sage_restore()
insageenv
?because we need it (only) in
sagenativeexecute
Well, at the moment I think. (I was also wondering whether people will find it at all if it's [just] defined in sagenativeexecute
. Ok, a comment in sageenv
refers to the latter.)
which in principle could be executed quite frequently. Why source
sageenv
there for a routine that we only use insagenativeexecute
? If this ever develops into a more generally used facility then, sure.
Every sage*
script in local/bin/
(likewise, src/bin/
) has (and must have) the Sage environment set up, i.e., is (directly or indirectly) called from a script that already sourced sageenv
, so you of course don't have to source sageenv
in sagenativeexecute
again. (After all, if that wasn't the case, the function couldn't restore any environment variables because sageenv
saves them.)
The only thing we'd have to add is export f sage_restore
.
There's probably one problem already: It at least used to be the case that sageenv
must not use bashisms since it isn't (or wasn't) necessarily sourced by bash. (IIRC in the toplevel Makefile, which apparently is no longer the case, but also when starting a Sage subshell, maybe in more cases.)
If that's still a problem, we could "bypass" some things in case the shell isn't bash.
When or where is sagenativeexecute
executed frequently?
It could also be extended to restore individual variables (e.g.
sage_restore FOO
orsage_restore FOO BAR BAZ
).which should be done if the need arises (would you prefer to do it now?)
Just an idea, doesn't have to be implemented here.
comment:33 in reply to: ↑ 31 ; followup: ↓ 35 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to nbruin:
Replying to leif:
[various sh/bash style comments]
Please fix! I will never be a reliable bash/sh programmer. If you have better knowledge on the pitfalls there please go ahead and make the changes. It'll be much faster than explaining to me which changes to make and then have to correct my incomplete fixes afterwards.
No problem, provided the source is "stable".
Not sure yet whether to make it "all bash" (e.g. [[ ... ]]
instead of [ ... ]
, the former being safer and faster) or POSIX shell only.
comment:34 in reply to: ↑ 31 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to nbruin:
Replying to leif:
But more importantly, that check does not at all work with variable names like
CXX
andCXXFLAGS
, i.e., when one name is a substring of other variable names.Oops ... The easiest fix for that is to ensure that
SAGE_SAVED_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES
both begins and ends with a:
and use[[ $SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES = ${SAGE_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLES/:$varname:} ]]
.
Good idea, probably using a different separator as well (to avoid confusion with typical :
lists).
Or do you see a serious flaw in that too?
Not at first glance.
comment:35 in reply to: ↑ 33 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to leif:
Not sure yet whether to make it "all bash" (e.g.
[[ ... ]]
instead of[ ... ]
, the former being safer and faster) or POSIX shell only.
I tried staying with POSIX but it's a pain for this case, in particular because we need dereferencing of variables, which is easy in bash and painful in POSIX. I recall that the substring matching was also easier with bash.
The fact is that sage
is already a bash script, so we lose no generality by using bash features here, so we might as well.
For separation: I figured :
was pretty safe, since that's an insane character to put in a variable name. Another good separator is probably "=" or "$", since you really need to go out of your way to put those in a variable name.
I was pretty happy with the state of the script, so I'm happy to not make changes to it.
comment:36 in reply to: ↑ 32 Changed 6 years ago by
Replying to leif:
The only thing we'd have to add is
export f sage_restore
.
That's horrible! That stores the entire function in the environment. Every process spawned after sageenv was sourced would have that in its memory.
When or where is
sagenativeexecute
executed frequently?
OK, it's unlikely that a program that has such specific environment needs that it needs sagenativeexecute
would start up so quickly that some bash sourcing would be problematic.
However, I think there is something logically wrong with sourcing sageenv
, which has all manner of side effects, in a script that is designed to only run when sageenv
has already run and whose sole purpose is undoing a lot of these sideeffects.
The "proper" solution would probably be to have sage_export and sage_restore in yet another file and source that in sageenv. But probably adds considerable overhead (to any sourcing of sageenv).
comment:37 Changed 6 years ago by
 Cc leif vbraun added
OK, I'm holding off updating the branch here because leif expressed willingness to clean up the shell style of the code here. leif pointed out one actual deficiency (the substring problem), which I know how to correct. It looks like this ticket is a prereq (or at least should be) for #18438, so there's a little more urgency to resolving this ticket. Preferences on how to proceed?
comment:38 Changed 6 years ago by
The added sagesystempython
script at #18438 should be good enough for that ticket, we could also just run with that until sagenativeexecute
works.
comment:39 Changed 21 months ago by
 Milestone changed from sage6.7 to sagepending
New commits:
#9386 reset PATH variable and unset variables exported by Sage.