Opened 9 years ago
Closed 8 years ago
#9054 closed enhancement (fixed)
create a class for basic function_field arithmetic for Sage
Reported by: | was | Owned by: | was |
---|---|---|---|
Priority: | major | Milestone: | sage-5.0 |
Component: | algebra | Keywords: | |
Cc: | burcin, khwilson, mderickx, mstreng, novoselt, pbruin, minz, saraedum | Merged in: | sage-5.0.beta2 |
Authors: | William Stein, Robert Bradshaw, Maarten Derickx, Moritz Minzlaff, Julian Rueth | Reviewers: | Maarten Derickx, Julian Rueth |
Report Upstream: | N/A | Work issues: | |
Branch: | Commit: | ||
Dependencies: | sage-5.0.beta1 | Stopgaps: |
Description (last modified by )
One of the first things we learned at Sage Days 21: Function Fields, is that it is not even possible to really define or even do arithmetic in function fields *at all* in Sage! It's amazing that this most basic arithmetic still isn't supported, but it isn't (maybe it used to be via generic machinery, but got broken...?). The point of this ticket is to create classes for standard function field structures, along with support for arithmetic. This should be organized in a way similar to number fields.
For this code, the main point is to establish an API that works solidly. It will be insanely slow. A subsequent patch will make things fast.
See also: #9069, #9051, #9094, #9095.
Note that the dependancy on #9138 is only because of a really minor change in the doctests. This ticket already has a positive review so I suspect this will get merged first. If that ticket eventually gets rejected it will be trivial to rebase the patch withouth that ticket.
Apply 9054_function_fields.patch to the Sage library.
Attachments (49)
Change History (136)
Changed 9 years ago by
comment:1 Changed 9 years ago by
- Cc burcin added
Changed 9 years ago by
Changed 9 years ago by
comment:2 follow-up: ↓ 5 Changed 9 years ago by
Changed 9 years ago by
Changed 9 years ago by
comment:3 Changed 9 years ago by
Looks like you forgot to add the file function_field_order
, so I wasn't able to doctest on top of your latest patch (let alone debug it). See also #9051 for added speed in the positive characteristic case.
Changed 9 years ago by
comment:4 Changed 9 years ago by
FunctionField? constructor clips names
sage: F = FunctionField(GF(7), 'bit') sage: F.gen() b
comment:5 in reply to: ↑ 2 Changed 9 years ago by
Replying to salmanhb:
There seems to be an issue with returning the base ring of a RationalFunctionField?. Neither base() nor base_ring() return the correct ring:
sage: K.<t> = FunctionField(QQ); K Rational function field in t over Rational Field sage: R1 = K.base(); R1 Rational function field in t over Rational Field sage: R2 = K.base_ring(); R2 Rational function field in t over Rational Field sage: R3.<s> = QQ[]; K3 = Frac(R3); K3 Fraction Field of Univariate Polynomial Ring in s over Rational Field sage: R3 Univariate Polynomial Ring in s over Rational Field sage: K3.base() == R3 True
The above is correct. To get what you want, use the constant_field() method.
sage: K.<t> = FunctionField(QQ); sage: K.constant_field() Rational Field
Changed 9 years ago by
comment:6 Changed 9 years ago by
Should be some automatic way to do the following:
K.<T> = FunctionField(GF(17)) P = T-5 f = P^5 R = K._ring R(f.element()).valuation(R(p.element()))
comment:7 Changed 9 years ago by
- Cc khwilson added
Changed 9 years ago by
flattened patch that incorporates all of patches 1-12 above into a single patch.
comment:8 Changed 9 years ago by
- Owner changed from AlexGhitza to was
Here is a link to the result of doctesting sage-4.4.4 + patches 1-12:
http://sage.math.washington.edu/home/wstein/patches/9054-part1-12.doctest.txt
The failed tests:
The following tests failed: sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/matrix/matrix2.pyx # 1 doctests failed sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/plot/matrix_plot.py # 0 doctests failed sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/modular/abvar/morphism.py # 1 doctests failed sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/modular/abvar/finite_subgroup.py # 1 doctests failed sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/tests/startup.py # 1 doctests failed sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/modular/modform/hecke_operator_on_qexp.py # 1 doctests failed sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/categories/function_fields.py # 5 doctests failed sage -t devel/sage-main/sage/rings/function_field/function_field_element.pyx # 14 doctests failed
comment:9 Changed 9 years ago by
- Cc mderickx added
comment:10 Changed 9 years ago by
- Cc mstreng added
comment:11 Changed 9 years ago by
- Cc pbruin added
comment:12 Changed 9 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
comment:13 Changed 9 years ago by
NOTE: #9094 implements sqrt for polynomials, which is relevant to trac_9054-doctest.patch
comment:14 Changed 9 years ago by
I guess the doctest patch isn't really usefull addition to sage (although making it was a usefull learning experience for Peter Bruin and me since it was our first patch). The patch fixes some bugs which are also fixed in other patches in trac. Some are indeed fixed by #9094 (although i think this can be done faster and more elegant) and another one related calculating the valuation in fraction fields is fixed by 9051-FpT_4.patch in #9051.
Since I'm quite new to developing and using trac and hg etc. I would like to know what is the best thing to do now. And especially how to deal with the relating patches wich also contain fixes for stuff happening here.
comment:15 Changed 9 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
comment:16 Changed 9 years ago by
Added an attachment that fixes all but three doctest failures. The remaining failures are:
sage -t "devel/sage-mderickx/sage/modular/abvar/morphism.py" # 1 failure sage -t "devel/sage-mderickx/sage/modular/abvar/finite_subgroup.py" # 1 failure sage -t "devel/sage-main/sage/modular/modform/hecke_operator_on_qexp.py" # 1 failure }}}They are all related since their error messages all end in:{{{ File "/Applications/sage/local/lib/python/site-packages/sage/modules/free_module.py", line 4700, in _echelonized_basis d = self._denominator(basis) File "/Applications/sage/local/lib/python/site-packages/sage/modules/free_module.py", line 4810, in _denominator d = d.lcm(x.denominator()) !AttributeError: 'int' object has no attribute 'lcm'}}}It would be nice if someone who has a better understanding of sage to fix this final bug, since then we would have no doctests failing anymore for this patch.
comment:17 Changed 9 years ago by
Oeps, wrong fromatting. Now a bit more readable:
sage -t "devel/sage-mderickx/sage/modular/abvar/morphism.py" # 1 failure sage -t "devel/sage-mderickx/sage/modular/abvar/finite_subgroup.py" # 1 failure sage -t "devel/sage-main/sage/modular/modform/hecke_operator_on_qexp.py" # 1 failure
They are all related since their error messages all end in:
File "/Applications/sage/local/lib/python/site-packages/sage/modules/free_module.py", line 4700, in _echelonized_basis d = self._denominator(basis) File "/Applications/sage/local/lib/python/site-packages/sage/modules/free_module.py", line 4810, in _denominator d = d.lcm(x.denominator()) AttributeError: 'int' object has no attribute 'lcm'
comment:18 Changed 9 years ago by
- Cc novoselt added
comment:19 Changed 9 years ago by
- Cc minz added
comment:20 follow-up: ↓ 21 Changed 9 years ago by
Has there been any work on this since sage days > 23? Even if the work is only partially finnished it would be good to know to avoid double work.
Changed 9 years ago by
Aplies to sage 4.4.4 after 1-12 patch and it also needs the #9054 patch trac_9094-sqrt-mderickx.patch
comment:21 in reply to: ↑ 20 Changed 9 years ago by
Replying to mderickx:
Has there been any work on this since sage days > 23? Even if the work is only partially finished it would be good to know to avoid double work.
There has been no further work. When I do work further on this, I will post a patch. I always post patches of everything I do as I go, as soon as I'm done with a session of work.
comment:22 Changed 9 years ago by
I am moving this entirely out of Sage and into the psage library. See
comment:23 Changed 9 years ago by
- Resolution set to wontfix
- Status changed from new to closed
I'm closing this since I'm no longer interested in getting it included in the main sage distribution. It is now in psage as mentioned above.
comment:24 Changed 9 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-4.6 to sage-duplicate/invalid/wontfix
comment:25 Changed 9 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-duplicate/invalid/wontfix to sage-wishlist
- Resolution wontfix deleted
- Status changed from closed to new
I think eventually this should be in the main sage distribution, even if no one's actively working on it right now.
comment:26 Changed 9 years ago by
comment:27 Changed 9 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
comment:28 Changed 8 years ago by
- Cc saraedum added
comment:29 Changed 8 years ago by
The doctests of function_field.py
contain the following lines:
sage: R.<x> = FunctionField(QQ); S.<y> = R[] sage: R2.<t> = FunctionField(QQ); S2.<w> = R2[] sage: L2.<w> = R.extension((4*w)^2 - (t+1)^3 - 1)
I think it is confusing that it does not make a difference whether you write R.extension or R2.extension in this example. I'm new to sage so maybe I'm misunderstanding something here.
comment:30 Changed 8 years ago by
There are some problems with the zero of a function field:
sage: K.<x> = FunctionField(QQ); R.<y> = K[]; L.<y> = K.extension(y^2+x); sage: coerce(L,L.polynomial())==0 False sage: y/0 0
comment:31 Changed 8 years ago by
Entering the following at the sage prompt produces a TypeError: Unable to coerce -u^2 (...) to Rational
.
K.<x> = FunctionField(QQ); R.<y> = K[] L.<y> = K.extension(y^2 - x) M.<u> = FunctionField(QQ); R.<v> = M[] N.<v> = M.extension(v-u^2) L.hom([u,v])
This is due to the fact that hom()
determines the codomain by looking only at the first element of [u,v]
.
comment:32 Changed 8 years ago by
Is there a reason why a FunctionFieldMorphism is a Map and not a RingHomomorphism?
Changed 8 years ago by
Minimal support for functions field. Does not include all of the above patches.
comment:33 Changed 8 years ago by
I'm now busy with very troughly checking the entire patch wich at least with some changed free module stuff passes all doctests. There will be a big doctest patch comming up which includes tests I've thought up to also test some more none trivial examples.
There is are at least two big issues which I run in to today. They all occured in the same terminal session.
sage: K.<x> = FunctionField(QQ) sage: R.<y> = K[] sage: L.<w> = K.extension(y^5 - (x^3 + 2*x*y + 1/x)); sage: w.is_integral() False sage: L.order(w) #should raise a value error since orders can only be generated by integral elements Order in Function field in w defined by y^5 - 2*x*y + (-x^4 - 1)/x sage: L.order(w).gens() --------------------------------------------------------------------------- RuntimeError Traceback (most recent call last) /Users/maarten/Downloads/sage-4.7.2.alpha2/devel/sage-main/<ipython console> in <module>() /Users/maarten/Downloads/sage-4.7.2.alpha2/local/lib/python2.6/site-packages/sage/structure/parent_gens.so in sage.structure.parent_gens.ParentWithGens.gens (sage/structure/parent_gens.c:2741)() /Users/maarten/Downloads/sage-4.7.2.alpha2/local/lib/python2.6/site-packages/sage/structure/parent_gens.so in sage.structure.parent_gens.ParentWithGens.ngens (sage/structure/parent_gens.c:2548)() /Users/maarten/Downloads/sage-4.7.2.alpha2/local/lib/python2.6/site-packages/sage/structure/parent_gens.so in sage.structure.parent_gens.check_old_coerce (sage/structure/parent_gens.c:1228)() RuntimeError: Order in Function field in w defined by y^5 - 2*x*y + (-x^4 - 1)/x still using old coercion framework
comment:34 Changed 8 years ago by
the review patch is not entirely ready, but julian wanted to have a look so I uploaded it
comment:35 Changed 8 years ago by
At sage-devel, Maarten mentioned that pickling does not seem to work for the code posted here, which seems to be due to some attributes typically involved in coercion.
Looking at trac_9054-all-parts.patch, I see that the base class for function fields is derived from sage.rings.ring.Field
, but Field.__init__
is not called.
The rings in vanilla Sage do not pay enough attention to coercion and categories. #9944 and (in particular) #9138 aim at improving the situation. In particular, with #9138 it should now possible to avoid any direct call to ParentWithGens.__init__
; calling Field.__init__
should just work (tm). Can you try?
comment:36 Changed 8 years ago by
PS: After trac_9054-all-parts.patch was created, several other patches were posted. Can you please clearly state (in the ticket description and, for the patchbot, also in a comment) which patches are supposed to be applied? It is difficult to work on the pickling problem (or reviewing) if it is not clear what code exactly we are talking about.
comment:37 follow-ups: ↓ 38 ↓ 39 Changed 8 years ago by
Here are some comments on trac_9054-all-parts.patch:
- Please remove the
__contains__
method from the categoryFunctionFields
. Containment in categories should rely on the default implementation, unless there is a compelling reason to do otherwise.
Even worse, your containment test is ultimately based on testing class inheritance (namely in the function
is_FunctionField
). That totally undermines the category framework. It must be possible for an object to be a function field even without inheriting fromsage.rings.function_field.function_field.FunctionField
.
The default implementation of
F in FunctionFields()
relies on the category of F: The containment test returns True if and only ifF.category()
is a sub-category ofFunctionFields()
. That should be much better, from a mathematical point of view, than testing class inheritance!
- You should add a test of the form
TestSuite(F).run()
, where F is a function field. The test suite is formed by some generic tests defined in the category framework and includes many sanity tests (such as pickling for the field and its elements, associativity, commtativity, ...). If you can think of specific tests for function fields, then you should add methods named_test_...
as parent or element methods ofsage.categories.function_fields.FunctionFields
. Such methods will be automatically called when runningTestSuite(F).run()
.
- You should also add a test of the form
loads(dumps(F)) is F
, in order to test uniqueness of parent structures; if I recall correctly, the test suite from the category would only testloads(dumps(F))==F
.
- It should not be needed to have a function
is_FunctionField
(that just tests class inheritance) -F in FunctionFields()
is a better test, IMHO. If you do want to preserveis_FunctionField
then please do not simply put it in the global name space. At least, it should be deprecated, similar tois_Ring
being deprecated. There is a function decorator to do so.
- In the doc test for the
_element_constructor_
method, you explicitly call the method. I think it should better be an indirect test (after all, the documentation is supposed to show how the user is supposed to work with stuff). Hence, notL._element_constructor_(L.polynomial_ring().gen())
butL(L.polynomial_ring().gen()) #indirect doctest
.
- I already mentioned, since
FunctionField
is derived fromsage.rings.ring.Field
, thatField.__init__(...)
should be called. It could be that this only works when #9138 is used. Just callingParentWithGens.__init__
may be insufficient.
- There are several methods, such as polynomial_ring or vector_space, that use a hand-made cache. Please use the @cached_method decorator instead! That has several reasons.
- It is more easy. You don't need to manually update attributes.
- With #11115, the @cached_method decorator is rewritten in Cython and provides a faster cache than anything you could possibly create with Python.
- Is there a reason why you have a method
base_field
that simply returns the function field itself? From the behaviour of thebase_ring
method of polynomial rings, I would rather expect thatFunctionField(QQ,['t']).base_field()
returns the rational field.
comment:38 in reply to: ↑ 37 Changed 8 years ago by
Replying to SimonKing:
- I already mentioned,
... namely on sage-devel,
that
Field.__init__(...)
should be called. It could be that this only works when #9138 is used. Just callingParentWithGens.__init__
may be insufficient.
comment:39 in reply to: ↑ 37 ; follow-up: ↓ 40 Changed 8 years ago by
Replying to SimonKing:
Here are some comments on trac_9054-all-parts.patch:
- Please remove the
__contains__
method from the categoryFunctionFields
. Containment in categories should rely on the default implementation, unless there is a compelling reason to do otherwise.Even worse, your containment test is ultimately based on testing class inheritance (namely in the function
is_FunctionField
). That totally undermines the category framework. It must be possible for an object to be a function field even without inheriting fromsage.rings.function_field.function_field.FunctionField
.The default implementation of
F in FunctionFields()
relies on the category of F: The containment test returns True if and only ifF.category()
is a sub-category ofFunctionFields()
. That should be much better, from a mathematical point of view, than testing class inheritance!
Technically this is true. But this category framework instead of inheritance -- really two very different approaches to design -- leads directly to slow code in some cases in practice, which is *really* annoying, IMHO. For example, see #11657, where one of the root causes of slowness was code in is_Ring that was added to support this category approach, and which slowed everything down. Fortunately for me I have psage where I can write streamlined code without having to be weighed down, and for generic Sage working well and being extensible is more important, so of course I agree with you in this case.
- You should add a test of the form
TestSuite(F).run()
, where F is a function field. The test suite is formed by some generic tests defined in the category framework and includes many sanity tests (such as pickling for the field and its elements, associativity, commtativity, ...). If you can think of specific tests for function fields, then you should add methods named_test_...
as parent or element methods ofsage.categories.function_fields.FunctionFields
. Such methods will be automatically called when runningTestSuite(F).run()
.
- You should also add a test of the form
loads(dumps(F)) is F
, in order to test uniqueness of parent structures; if I recall correctly, the test suite from the category would only testloads(dumps(F))==F
.
This is also testing that pickling works at all. This code is used by the pickle jar to create pickles for testing later.
- It should not be needed to have a function
is_FunctionField
(that just tests class inheritance) -F in FunctionFields()
is a better test, IMHO. If you do want to preserveis_FunctionField
then please do not simply put it in the global name space. At least, it should be deprecated, similar tois_Ring
being deprecated. There is a function decorator to do so.
is_Ring is only deprecated when used from the top level (i.e., the Sage prompt). However, there is still a is_Ring function, which can be used in library code, and is not deprecated for this purpose. And the is_Ring function does test for category stuff.
- In the doc test for the
_element_constructor_
method, you explicitly call the method. I think i
t should better be an indirect test (after all, the documentation is supposed to show how the user is supposed to work with stuff). Hence, not L._element_constructor_(L.polynomial_ring().gen())
but L(L.polynomial_ring().gen()) #indirect doctest
.
I disagree. I view "#indirect test" for situations where you can't think of a clean way of directly calling the function. If there is such a way, use it! That way, at least you know for sure it is really being tested. Suggesting to get rid of that makes no sense to me. What if L(L.polynomial_ring().gen())
doesn't call _element_constructor_
at all? Also, one can also just have two tests -- one that is indirect and one that isn't.
- I already mentioned, since
FunctionField
is derived fromsage.rings.ring.Field
, thatField.__init__(...)
should be called. It could be that this only works when #9138 is used. Just callingParentWithGens.__init__
may be insufficient.
- There are several methods, such as polynomial_ring or vector_space, that use a hand-made cache. Please use the @cached_method decorator instead! That has several reasons.
- It is more easy. You don't need to manually update attributes.
- With #11115, the @cached_method decorator is rewritten in Cython and provides a faster cache than anything you could possibly create with Python.
+1. Note that when the very first version of the function field code was written (by me) @cached_method was disturbingly slow. I really, really appreciate the fast Cython rewrite.
- Is there a reason why you have a method
base_field
that simply returns the function field itself? From the behaviour of thebase_ring
method of polynomial rings, I would rather expect thatFunctionField(QQ,['t']).base_field()
returns the rational field.
No. The base field of a function field is a rational function field in 1 variable. The base field of that rational function field is then a field such as QQ. Most function fields aren't rational, e.g., they are finite extensions K/QQ(t), or even relative extensions L/K. In the first case, the base field is QQ(t) and in the second it is K. If Simon was confused by this, it should be documented better.
comment:40 in reply to: ↑ 39 ; follow-up: ↓ 41 Changed 8 years ago by
Replying to was:
Replying to SimonKing:
Here are some comments on trac_9054-all-parts.patch:
- Please remove the
__contains__
method from the categoryFunctionFields
. Containment in categories should rely on the default implementation, unless there is a compelling reason to do otherwise....
Technically this is true. But this category framework instead of inheritance -- really two very different approaches to design -- leads directly to slow code in some cases in practice, which is *really* annoying, IMHO.
A while ago, I had worked on a ticket #10667 about category containment. One purpose was to get a speedup. The trick was (again) to use Cython. For some reason, the work on that ticket has stalled. Perhaps it would be worth while to resume it.
Generally, I think it is better to improve the category framework, rather than to work around it.
For example, see #11657, where one of the root causes of slowness was code in is_Ring that was added to support this category approach, and which slowed everything down.
Then why is the existing is_Ring
not rewritten along the lines of what you do in #11657?
is_Ring is only deprecated when used from the top level (i.e., the Sage prompt).
Yes, this is what I meant. I did not mean "deprecated" in the sense of "will soon be removed", but in the sense of "please don't try this at home".
And the is_Ring function does test for category stuff.
Actually I have not been aware that category stuff is tested in is_Ring
. I was thinking about various other is_...
methods that really do nothing more than isinstance.
- Is there a reason why you have a method
base_field
that simply returns the function field itself? From the behaviour of thebase_ring
method of polynomial rings, I would rather expect thatFunctionField(QQ,['t']).base_field()
returns the rational field.No. The base field of a function field is a rational function field in 1 variable.
Ouch, so I was mistaken.
The base field of that rational function field is then a field such as QQ. Most function fields aren't rational, e.g., they are finite extensions K/QQ(t), or even relative extensions L/K. In the first case, the base field is QQ(t) and in the second it is K. If Simon was confused by this, it should be documented better.
Not needed. What I stated was based on reading the patch "diagonally". I only noticed one of the two base_field methods.
comment:41 in reply to: ↑ 40 ; follow-up: ↓ 45 Changed 8 years ago by
Replying to SimonKing:
A while ago, I had worked on a ticket #10667 about category containment. One purpose was to get a speedup. The trick was (again) to use Cython. For some reason, the work on that ticket has stalled. Perhaps it would be worth while to resume it.
+1
Generally, I think it is better to improve the category framework, rather than to work around it.
For example, see #11657, where one of the root causes of slowness was code in is_Ring that was added to support this category approach, and which slowed everything down.
Then why is the existing
is_Ring
not rewritten along the lines of what you do in #11657?
What I did there slows down is_Ring
testing if the object in question does not derive from Ring.
is_Ring is only deprecated when used from the top level (i.e., the Sage prompt).
Yes, this is what I meant. I did not mean "deprecated" in the sense of "will soon be removed", but in the sense of "please don't try this at home".
If you are developing on the Sage library, I think it is OK to use.
And the is_Ring function does test for category stuff.
Actually I have not been aware that category stuff is tested in
is_Ring
. I was thinking about various otheris_...
methods that really do nothing more than isinstance.
Yes, take a look at the code. I too was surprised by this!
-- William
comment:42 Changed 8 years ago by
- Dependencies set to #9094, #11034
- Description modified (diff)
I changed the description so that it's clear which code to look at. I will read the rest of all the remarks when I'm back from lunch.
comment:43 Changed 8 years ago by
Dear Simon,
Thanks for the help and suggestions. But sadly it did not help (altough I find #9138 a very cool ticket it's good to make a lot of rings finally more consistent with the current model of doing things with the category framework).
After some fiddeling around I managed to reduce the error to something in FunctionFieldElement_rational initialization code (hence probably not something with the categorie an coercion framework).
sage: K = QQ['x'].fraction_field(); x = K.gen(0) sage: sage.rings.function_field.function_field_element.FunctionFieldElement_rational(K, x) x sage: l=sage.rings.function_field.function_field_element.FunctionFieldElement_rational(K, x) sage: dumps(l) PicklingError Traceback (most recent call last) ... PicklingError: Can't pickle <type 'dictproxy'>: attribute lookup __builtin__.dictproxy failed sage: l.__getstate__() (Fraction Field of Univariate Polynomial Ring in x over Rational Field, <dictproxy object at 0x10ddf9948>)
comment:44 Changed 8 years ago by
It took me a while to find out how to solve the problems with pickling but I finally managed to do so. It was because of cython objects not being pickleable automatically so you have to write your own pickling methods. A more experienced programmer might have found this out way faster then me, but I had a lot of trouble (basically spent this entire afternoon reading about how pickling protocol works so I could fix it. I will now look into the issues you described and get a definite patch up.
comment:45 in reply to: ↑ 41 Changed 8 years ago by
Just for your information: I resumed work on #10667.
Testing whether QQ is a ring works faster with the methods from #11115 and #10667 than with using the current is_Ring
:
sage: C = CommutativeRings().objects() sage: QQ in C True sage: %timeit QQ in C 625 loops, best of 3: 3.88 µs per loop
versus
sage: from sage.rings.ring import is_Ring sage: %timeit is_Ring(QQ) 625 loops, best of 3: 5.06 µs per loop
Of course, just testing the class is a lot faster:
sage: from sage.rings.ring import Ring sage: %timeit isinstance(QQ,Ring) 625 loops, best of 3: 666 ns per loop
comment:46 Changed 8 years ago by
I really think that is_Ring
should be globally improved. For example, it already helps to define
def is_Ring(x): """ Return True if x is a ring. EXAMPLES:: sage: from sage.rings.ring import is_Ring sage: is_Ring(ZZ) True """ if isinstance(x, Ring): return True from sage.categories.rings import Rings return x in Rings()
hence, only do the import when needed.
The timings become
sage: from sage.rings.ring import is_Ring sage: P.<x,y,z> = QQ[] sage: is_Ring(P) True sage: %timeit is_Ring(P) 625 loops, best of 3: 243 ns per loop sage: MS = MatrixSpace(QQ,2) sage: is_Ring(MS) True sage: %timeit is_Ring(MS) 625 loops, best of 3: 21.5 µs per loop
versus
sage: from sage.rings.ring import is_Ring sage: sage: P.<x,y,z> = QQ[] sage: is_Ring(P) True sage: %timeit is_Ring(P) 625 loops, best of 3: 4.93 µs per loop sage: MS = MatrixSpace(QQ,2) sage: sage: is_Ring(MS) True sage: %timeit is_Ring(MS) 625 loops, best of 3: 26.4 µs per loop
But I think I'll move it to #10667.
comment:47 Changed 8 years ago by
Time for a little advertisement: I obtain a much improved performance with #10667 (introducing the class of objects and morphisms of a category, written in Cython). Perhaps it is useful for you?
Testing commutative rings
The function is_CommutativeRing
does nothing but testing the class. But it is a Python function. Let us compare its speed with the speed of a Cython container, testing category containment.
is_CommutativeRing
:
sage: from sage.rings.commutative_ring import is_CommutativeRing sage: is_CommutativeRing?? ... Source: def is_CommutativeRing(R): return isinstance(R, CommutativeRing) sage: is_CommutativeRing(QQ) True sage: s = SymmetricGroup(4) sage: is_CommutativeRing(s) False sage: %timeit is_CommutativeRing(QQ) 625 loops, best of 3: 1.09 µs per loop sage: %timeit is_CommutativeRing(s) 625 loops, best of 3: 3.51 µs per loop
Cython container:
sage: O = CommutativeRings().objects() sage: QQ in O True sage: s in O False sage: %timeit QQ in O 625 loops, best of 3: 1.5 µs per loop sage: %timeit s in O 625 loops, best of 3: 1.46 µs per loop
Hence, when applied to a symmetric group, the container performs a category containment test (with negative result, of course) that is faster than a Python class check!
Testing rings
As you have observed, the current is_Ring
function is suboptimal. I rewrote it in #10667.
Without #10667 (but with #11115 for a fast cache):
sage: from sage.rings.ring import is_Ring sage: MS = MatrixSpace(QQ,2) sage: %timeit is_Ring(QQ) 625 loops, best of 3: 5.1 µs per loop sage: is_Ring(MS) True sage: %timeit is_Ring(MS) 625 loops, best of 3: 17.3 µs per loop sage: C = Rings() sage: %timeit QQ in C 625 loops, best of 3: 4.18 µs per loop sage: %timeit MS in C 625 loops, best of 3: 4.31 µs per loop
With #10667 in addition:
sage: from sage.rings.ring import is_Ring sage: MS = MatrixSpace(QQ,2) sage: %timeit is_Ring(QQ) 625 loops, best of 3: 259 ns per loop sage: %timeit is_Ring(MS) 625 loops, best of 3: 17.5 µs per loop sage: C = Rings().objects() sage: %timeit QQ in C 625 loops, best of 3: 1.49 µs per loop sage: %timeit MS in C 625 loops, best of 3: 1.57 µs per loop
comment:48 Changed 8 years ago by
- Dependencies changed from #9094, #11034 to #9094, #11751
- Description modified (diff)
comment:49 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from new to needs_review
Ok I'm done with my reviewing of the original work. I guess a review patch of 39.8 KB deserves a review of its own :P
comment:50 Changed 8 years ago by
Note that this patch needs the patch at http://trac.sagemath.org/sage_trac/ticket/11751 to work, but altough the patch at that ticket makes all the doctest for function fields pass, it makes a lot of other doctests fail :(
comment:51 Changed 8 years ago by
Ok #11751 is ready for review and the code here passes all tests (at least I tested it on sage 4.7.2.alpha2 ) after you apply the tickets at 11751. So this one can finally get merged as soon as it has positive review.
Changed 8 years ago by
comment:52 Changed 8 years ago by
- Dependencies changed from #9094, #11751 to #9094, #11751, #9138
- Description modified (diff)
comment:53 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
Changed 8 years ago by
comment:54 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
- Milestone changed from sage-wishlist to sage-4.7.2
- Reviewers set to Maarten Derickx, Julian Rueth
comment:55 follow-up: ↓ 57 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
Apply trac_9054-all-parts.patch, trac_9054_polynomial_base_field.patch, trac_9054_zero.patch, trac_9054_codomain.patch, trac_9054_doctest-2.patch, trac_9054-review.patch, trac_9054_undo_unittest.patch, trac_9054-invert_ideal.patch, trac_9054_isFunctionField.patch, trac_9054_UniqueFactory.patch, trac_9054_cached_method.patch, trac_9054_maximal_order_member_check.patch, trac_9054_call_super_constructors.patch, trac_9054_maps_refactor.patch, trac_9054_doctests-3.patch, trac_9054_cleanup.patch, trac_9054_authors.patch
comment:56 Changed 8 years ago by
(Apparently the patchbot expects these "Apply" instructions in a comment and not in the ticket description)
A more detailed description of the patches since trac_9054-invert_ideal.patch
:
trac_9054_isFunctionField.patch
hopefully does what Simon King proposed foris_FunctionField
trac_9054_UniqueFactory.patch
replaces the@cached_method
inconstructor.py
with UniqueFactories? -- apparently that class is meant for that purposetrac_9054_cached_method.patch
replaces all manual caching with@cached_method
methodstrac_9054_maximal_order_member_check.patch
fixes a todo about checking that members passed to an_element_constructor
are actually in the ordertrac_9054_call_super_constructors.patch
is the one I'm not sure about. At two places the super classes were not properly called -- was that by intention? I hope this fixes it.trac_9054_maps_refactor.patch
slightly changes the base classes of function field morphismstrac_9054_doctests-3.patch
essentially unifies the naming of variables in the doctests, so function fields are now called K and L, variables x, y, z. Also I added an entry to/doc/en/reference/index.rst
, is that correct?trac_9054_cleanup.patch
reorganizes some imports and removes empty linestrac_9054_authors.patch
adds authors and copyrights to the files. I followed http://www.sagemath.org/doc/developer/conventions.html#headings-of-sage-library-code-files, hopefully I got it right?
I also reviewed Maarten's changes and they looked good except for the very few things I patched here. Maarten could you review my patches? It looks like a lot of work, but it should be fairly trivial to review.
Changed 8 years ago by
identical to trac_9054_isFunctionField.patch but the patch bot does not like upper case in patch files
Changed 8 years ago by
identical to trac_9054_UniqueFactory.patch (patchbot does not like uppercase)
comment:57 in reply to: ↑ 55 Changed 8 years ago by
Apply trac_9054-all-parts.patch, trac_9054_polynomial_base_field.patch, trac_9054_zero.patch, trac_9054_codomain.patch, trac_9054_doctest-2.patch, trac_9054-review.patch, trac_9054_undo_unittest.patch, trac_9054-invert_ideal.patch, trac_9054_is_function_field.patch, trac_9054_unique_factory.patch, trac_9054_cached_method.patch, trac_9054_maximal_order_member_check.patch, trac_9054_call_super_constructors.patch, trac_9054_maps_refactor.patch, trac_9054_doctests-3.patch, trac_9054_cleanup.patch, trac_9054_authors.patch
comment:58 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
comment:59 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from needs_review to needs_work
trac_9054_cleanup.patch introduced a problem with cyclic imports — I'm working on it.
comment:60 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
It turned out not to be a cyclic import problem but just the wrong module that was imported. I'm waiting for the doctests to set this back to needs_review.
comment:61 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
- Status changed from needs_work to needs_review
comment:62 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from needs_review to needs_work
On sage.math using the just released sage-4.7.2 with the following 21! patches applied
mderickx@sage:/scratch/mderickx/sage/devel/sage$ hg qser | nl 1 9138_flat.patch 2 trac_9054-all-parts.patch 3 trac_9054_polynomial_base_field.patch 4 trac_9054_zero.patch 5 trac_9054_codomain.patch 6 trac_9054_doctest-2.patch 7 trac_9054-review.patch 8 trac_9054_undo_unittest.patch 9 trac_9054-invert_ideal.patch 10 trac_9054_is_function_field.patch 11 trac_9054_unique_factory.patch 12 trac_9054_cached_method.patch 13 trac_9054_maximal_order_member_check.patch 14 trac_9054_call_super_constructors.patch 15 trac_9054_maps_refactor.patch 16 trac_9054_doctests-3.patch 17 trac_9054_cleanup.patch 18 trac_9054_authors.patch 19 trac_9054_reference.patch 20 trac_9054_factor.patch 21 trac_9054_order_category.patch
I get
The following tests failed: sage -t --long devel/sage-main/sage/rings/function_field/maps.py # 1 doctests failed sage -t --long devel/sage-main/sage/rings/function_field/function_field.py # 7 doctests failed ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Total time for all tests: 1102.4 seconds
comment:63 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from needs_work to needs_review
Sorry false alarm. I didn't have all patches applied!
comment:64 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
It turned out that also when applying all julians patches to sage 4.7.2 with #9138 we get some errors. I fixed this in my minor review2.patch. I also combined some patches so that it becomes easier for someone else to do something with this ticket (i.e. doesnt have to download 20 patches). I'm now reading trough trac_9054-julian-combined.patch if it does logical things.
comment:65 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
comment:66 Changed 8 years ago by
Just a note on #9138: It had already been merged, but was unmerged because of an unacceptable regression in elliptic curve computations. But at #11900, I was able to avoid the regression and even turn it into a speed-up, in some cases. #11900 needs review, and then I guess #9138 would be merged again.
comment:67 follow-up: ↓ 68 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from needs_review to needs_work
Ok these are the results from reading trough you patches:
Why did you make some_elements in function_field.py return only one element? This number should be at least two (and preferable even at least 3) since else a lot of tests in TestSuite?(F).run() will be meaningless with just one element because one element is always equal to itself for example!
If you make vector_space a cached method then why don't you change
self._vector_space = (V, from_V, to_V) return self._vector_space
to
return (V, from_V, to_V)
This code is in two places.
In function_field_order.py there is a typo in the sentence "the function field in which this iss an order."
Why did you remove:
if is_Ideal(gens): gens = gens.gens()
in function_field_order.py. I suspect the code was there to make the (not doctested) use case of:
sage: K.<x> = FunctionField(QQ) sage: O=K.maximal_order() sage: I=O.ideal(x) sage: O.ideal(I)
since you should be able to make an ideal with input an ideal.
For the rest your combination patch looks very nice. Also good that you made the documentation quality so much higher. If you either answer the above questions with the right arguments or if you change them back it seems that we can finally have function fields in sage!
comment:68 in reply to: ↑ 67 Changed 8 years ago by
Replying to mderickx:
Why did you make some_elements in function_field.py return only one element? This number should be at least two (and preferable even at least 3) since else a lot of tests in TestSuite?(F).run() will be meaningless with just one element because one element is always equal to itself for example!
I think I had seen that somewhere else only one element was returned and copied that. (at that time I didn't know what some_elements() was good for) I'll fix that.
If you make vector_space a cached method then why don't you change
self._vector_space = (V, from_V, to_V) return self._vector_spaceto
return (V, from_V, to_V)This code is in two places.
That's true. Must have missed that.
In function_field_order.py there is a typo in the sentence "the function field in which this iss an order."
Will be fixed in the next patch.
Why did you remove:
if is_Ideal(gens): gens = gens.gens()in function_field_order.py. I suspect the code was there to make the (not doctested) use case of:
sage: K.<x> = FunctionField(QQ) sage: O=K.maximal_order() sage: I=O.ideal(x) sage: O.ideal(I)since you should be able to make an ideal with input an ideal.
Good question. It's part of a doctest patch so I guess it just got in by accident.
For the rest your combination patch looks very nice. Also good that you made the documentation quality so much higher. If you either answer the above questions with the right arguments or if you change them back it seems that we can finally have function fields in sage!
Ok. I'll prepare a patch to fix these issues. Thanks you took the time and had a look at these patches. :)
comment:69 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
- Status changed from needs_work to needs_review
Apply trac_9054-all-parts.patch, trac_9054-julian-combined.patch, trac_9054-review2.patch, trac_9054_review_fixup.patch.
Maarten, I'm not so sure about the is_Ideal() check anymore. Is it really expected behavior that ideal(I) creates the ideal generated by the generators of I — no matter where the ideal I lives? If you feel like that should happen, then add these two lines again and set the ticket to positive review. Or don't add them if you feel that people should be more explicit by actually calling ideal(I.gens()).
comment:70 Changed 8 years ago by
I will add it just to be consistent with numberfields.
sage: K.<a> = QQ.extension(x^2-2) sage: I = K.ideal(3) sage: L.<b> = K.extension(x^2-3) sage: L.ideal(I) Fractional ideal (3) sage: L.ideal(p).factor() (Fractional ideal (b))^2
Note that it also mathematically makes sense in the most general setting since the ideal created this way is the ideal extension corresponding to the coersion map from I.ring() to self.
Changed 8 years ago by
comment:71 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
comment:72 Changed 8 years ago by
If you can just check my last patch then it can have positive review.
comment:73 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
sage: K.<x> = FunctionField(QQ) sage: R.<y> = K[] sage: L.<y> = K.extension(y^3-x) sage: loads(dumps(L)) AttributeError: ("'module' object has no attribute 'FunctionField_polymod'", <built-in function lookup_global>, ('FunctionField_polymod',))
This was also checked by sage: TestSuite(L).run() #long time
in function_field.py.
The latest patch fixes this problem.
Maarten, if you agree with this latest patch you can set it to positive review.
comment:74 Changed 8 years ago by
I guess my last ticket name was a bit to hopefull. I just forgot to do add a --long after sage -tp 20 once and immediately a bug slips trough. I'm now testing everything with your last patch.
comment:75 Changed 8 years ago by
One more question. Shouldn't the line
FunctionField? = FunctionFieldFactory?("FunctionField?")
also be changed in a way similar in you last patch. I mean the two things should work in the same way right?
comment:76 Changed 8 years ago by
We could change it but it is not necessary. FunctionField
is exported to sage.all so the pickling infrastructure can find the name there. FunctionField_polymod
, however, can not be found in sage.all, that's why there is the fully qualified name.
comment:77 Changed 8 years ago by
I'd like to have the consistency so I changed you last patch. If your ok with it this ticket can finally have a positive review.
comment:78 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from needs_review to positive_review
comment:79 Changed 8 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-4.8 to sage-pending
comment:80 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from positive_review to needs_work
The commit messages of the patches could be cleaned up:
- trac_9054-julian-combined.patch: the commit message starts with
* * *
instead of something useful. - trac_9054-review.patch has no proper commit message. This improper commit message is also in trac_9054-all-parts.patch, which should be fixed.
- trac_9054-all-parts.patch "
contains parts 1-12, marteen's additions and final doctest fixes
" makes no sense if you don't know this ticket, the message should makes sense on its own. The word "function field" does not even appear in the message of this patch!
comment:81 Changed 8 years ago by
I'm replacing the commit messages now. I don't have privileges to replace attachements so I have to upload a new set of patches instead.
comment:82 Changed 8 years ago by
- Description modified (diff)
- Status changed from needs_work to positive_review
Apply trac_9054-all-parts.2.patch, trac_9054-julian-combined.2.patch, trac_9054-review2.2.patch, trac_9054_review_fixup.2.patch, trac_9054-can_this_really_be_the_last.2.patch, trac_9054_pickling.2.patch
comment:83 Changed 8 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-pending to sage-5.0
comment:84 Changed 8 years ago by
- Status changed from positive_review to needs_work
Patches trac_9054-all-parts.2.patch and trac_9054-review2.2.patch apply with fuzz 2 against sage-5.0.beta1. Please rebase such that they apply cleanly.
comment:85 Changed 8 years ago by
- Dependencies changed from #9094, #11751, #9138 to sage-5.0.beta1
- Description modified (diff)
- Status changed from needs_work to positive_review
comment:86 Changed 8 years ago by
Thanks for rebasing, I added it to my todo list, but didn't get to it yet.
Changed 8 years ago by
comment:87 Changed 8 years ago by
- Merged in set to sage-5.0.beta2
- Resolution set to fixed
- Status changed from positive_review to closed
There seems to be an issue with returning the base ring of a RationalFunctionField?. Neither base() nor base_ring() return the correct ring: