Opened 14 years ago
Closed 14 years ago
#4383 closed defect (fixed)
[with patch, positive review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup
Reported by: | Rob Beezer | Owned by: | somebody |
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Priority: | minor | Milestone: | sage-3.2.1 |
Component: | group theory | Keywords: | composition series, generators |
Cc: | Merged in: | ||
Authors: | Reviewers: | ||
Report Upstream: | N/A | Work issues: | |
Branch: | Commit: | ||
Dependencies: | Stopgaps: |
Description
At the tail end of a composition series of a group, the trivial subgroup has no generators, rather than the identity permutation as a generator. This appears unacceptable to GAP for subsequent computations.
On 3.1.4 built from source on x86.
sage: G=CyclicPermutationGroup(2) sage: comps
[Permutation Group with generators [(1,2)], Permutation Group with generators []]
sage: comps[1].order()
Traceback (most recent call last): File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module> File "/home/rob/.sage/sage_notebook/worksheets/admin/48/code/5.py", line 7, in <module> comps[_sage_const_1 ].order() File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/SQLAlchemy-0.4.6-py2.5.egg/", line 1, in <module> File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/sage/groups/perm_gps/permgroup.py", line 770, in order return Integer(self._gap_().Size()) File "sage_object.pyx", line 270, in sage.structure.sage_object.SageObject._gap_ (sage/structure/sage_object.c:2442) File "sage_object.pyx", line 246, in sage.structure.sage_object.SageObject._interface_ (sage/structure/sage_object.c:2186) File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/sage/interfaces/expect.py", line 965, in __call__ return cls(self, x, name=name) File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/sage/interfaces/expect.py", line 1283, in __init__ raise TypeError, x TypeError: Gap produced error output Error, usage: Group(<gen>,...), Group(<gens>), Group(<gens>,<id>) executing $sage6:=Group([]);;
Attachments (5)
Change History (22)
comment:1 Changed 14 years ago by
comment:2 Changed 14 years ago by
I'm guessing that this this ticket is not named accurately.
It appears the problem isn't with the composition series but with the order function:
sage: G = PermutationGroup([]) sage: G.order() ERROR: An unexpected error occurred while tokenizing input <snip>
This will possibly raise the issue of whether the trivial group should be PermutationGroup?([]) (as it is now) or PermutationGroup?([()]) (for which order works). According to Rotman, the group whose generating set is the empty set is the trivial group, so I think they way we have it is fine. Therefore, I elected to simply fix this bug in the order method. Patch attached is based on sage-3.2.alpha1 and pases sage -t.
comment:3 Changed 14 years ago by
Summary: | composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup → [with patch, needs trivial review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup |
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comment:4 Changed 14 years ago by
Summary: | [with patch, needs trivial review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup → [with patch, needs work] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup |
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This patch needs a doctest.
Please also stick with the standard tags for patches.
Cheers,
Michael
comment:5 Changed 14 years ago by
Sorry - I added a doctest in the 2nd patch. I could not figure out what I did wrong with the tags (whatever they are - I could not find them in http://wiki.sagemath.org/TracGuidelines, but could have easily missed something).
Changed 14 years ago by
Attachment: | trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp2.patch added |
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based on 3.2.alpha1 - apply after the first patch
comment:6 Changed 14 years ago by
Summary: | [with patch, needs work] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup → [with patch, needs review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup |
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comment:7 Changed 14 years ago by
I agree that a constructor with an empty list should be interpreted as the trivial subgroup, but it seems that passing this to GAP will cause an error. On 3.1.4 I get a different error message than David, which suggests that GAP doesn't like the construction.
Calling other commands on a group with no generators (such as exponent() or is_simple() or derived_series()), yields an error similar (or identical) to the one from a call to order().
Furthermore, it appears that until recently composition_series() returned a trivial subgroup with the identity element as a generator for the tail end of the series. For example, see sample output in 3364.
It seems to me that having the output of one command be acceptable to all subsequent commands is preferable. The experiment below suggests to me that GAP doesn't like an empty list of generators.
sage: gap.eval("G := Group(())") 'Group(())' sage: gap.eval("G := Group()") Traceback (most recent call last): File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module> File "/home/rob/.sage/sage_notebook/worksheets/admin/48/code/17.py", line 6, in <module> gap.eval("G := Group()") File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/SQLAlchemy-0.4.6-py2.5.egg/", line 1, in <module> File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/sage/interfaces/gap.py", line 404, in eval s = Expect.eval(self, x) File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/sage/interfaces/expect.py", line 937, in eval return '\n'.join([self._eval_line(L, **kwds) for L in code.split('\n') if L != '']) File "/opt/sage-3.1.4/local/lib/python2.5/site-packages/sage/interfaces/gap.py", line 627, in _eval_line raise RuntimeError, message RuntimeError: Gap produced error output Error, usage: Group(<gen>,...), Group(<gens>), Group(<gens>,<id>) executing G := Group();
comment:8 Changed 14 years ago by
(a) Maybe I'm wrong, I see this as a different issue form the bug you opened the ticket for. (b) It seems you are suggesting that all the methods should work for groups constructed using both PermutationGroup?([()]) and PermutationGroup?([]), and give the same result. This seems reasonable to me. However, it seems like it should be opened as a separate ticket, which a suitably descriptive title.
comment:9 Changed 14 years ago by
With regards to (b), I'm suggesting the opposite. Seems easier, and more consistent, to return composition_series() to its previous behavior, rather than having it generate objects that subsequently GAP cannot digest. In other words, adjust only the behavior of composition_series(). I am NOT suggesting that all the methods acting on groups be adjusted to accept a trivial subgroup specified with no generators.
So I guess I'm suggesting more broadly that an empty list of generators not be possible (even if it makes sense mathematically). I don't have enough experience with the other parts of Sage to know how it is handled for other objects (like rings). But if GAP isn't happy with an empty list, then I think the effort should be made to make sure the output of methods for groups produces items appropriate as input to other commands using GAP to do their work. Or maybe the interface to GAP should convert empty lists to a list with the identity? That would be another solution.
One possibility would be to have the constructors for groups recognize and convert an empty list of generators into a list holding just the identity permutation. But again, I don't have enough experience to know if this would be feasible or desirable.
Rob
comment:12 Changed 14 years ago by
Summary: | [with patch, needs review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup → [with patch, needs work] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup |
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REFEREE REPORT:
Huh?
- trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp.patch + trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp2.patch make some sense to me with the second patch fixing a bug introduced in the first and adding doctests.
- trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp3.patch looks to me like exactly the same (?) as the first buggy patch! So maybe you forgot to attach the right patch?
Please clarify and ping me.
Changed 14 years ago by
Attachment: | trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp3.patch added |
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comment:13 Changed 14 years ago by
Summary: | [with patch, needs work] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup → [with patch, positive review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup |
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REPORT:
Looks good. Mabshoff, apply the following patches in order (to 3.2.1.alpha):
trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp.patch trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp2.patch trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp3-REBASE.patch
Changed 14 years ago by
Attachment: | trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp3-REBASE.patch added |
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comment:14 Changed 14 years ago by
One trivial doctesting failure is to fix:
sage -t -long "devel/sage/sage/combinat/designs/incidence_structures.py" ********************************************************************** File "/scratch/mabshoff/release-cycle/sage-3.2.1.alpha3/devel/sage/sage/combinat/designs/incidence_structures.py", line 174: sage: G = BD.automorphism_group(); G Expected: Permutation Group with generators [] Got: Permutation Group with generators [()]
comment:15 Changed 14 years ago by
Summary: | [with patch, positive review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup → [with patch, needs work] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup |
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Another doctest failure:
File "/home/was/build/sage-3.2.1.alpha1/devel/sage-review/sage/combinat/designs/incidence_structures.py", line 174: sage: G = BD.automorphism_group(); G Expected: Permutation Group with generators [] Got: Permutation Group with generators [()]
comment:16 Changed 14 years ago by
Summary: | [with patch, needs work] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup → [with patch, positive review] composition_series() returns no generators for trivial subgroup |
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Changed 14 years ago by
Attachment: | trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp4.patch added |
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comment:17 Changed 14 years ago by
Milestone: | sage-3.2.2 → sage-3.2.1 |
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Resolution: | → fixed |
Status: | new → closed |
Merged
trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp.patch trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp2.patch trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp3-REBASE.patch trac_4383-order-trivial-permgp4.patch
in Sage 3.2.1.rc0
Cheers,
Michael
First bit of code above lost the middle line, which should read