#16703 closed enhancement (fixed)
Fix Mathematica 10 interface
Reported by:  Salvatore Stella  Owned by:  

Priority:  major  Milestone:  sage6.4 
Component:  scripts  Keywords:  Mathematica, Interfaces 
Cc:  Jakob Kroeker, Dima Pasechnik  Merged in:  
Authors:  Salvatore Stella  Reviewers:  Nathan Dunfield 
Report Upstream:  N/A  Work issues:  
Branch:  c07475f (Commits, GitHub, GitLab)  Commit:  
Dependencies:  Stopgaps: 
Description
The interface with Mathematica has been broken since Mathematica 9 came out.
The problem is that the program math
does not behave nicely with expect.
This fix uses a wrapper, as suggested in http://code.activestate.com/recipes/363500mathematicawithagnureadlineinput/, to make math
readlineaware.
Change History (22)
comment:1 Changed 9 years ago by
Branch:  → u/etn40ff/mathematica_10 

Commit:  → a15573f863f1133cecafe46e14282d3835ef072a 
Status:  new → needs_review 
comment:2 Changed 9 years ago by
Commit:  a15573f863f1133cecafe46e14282d3835ef072a → 8ac00fceb5cfd764bb0fdbe41bbb269576c06822 

Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. This was a forced push. New commits:
8ac00fc  Fix Mathematica interface by passing through readline

comment:3 Changed 9 years ago by
Commit:  8ac00fceb5cfd764bb0fdbe41bbb269576c06822 → 3fe1373cec8e956430521b17ce3996a44283aaba 

Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. This was a forced push. New commits:
3fe1373  Fix Mathematica interface by passing through readline

comment:4 Changed 9 years ago by
Commit:  3fe1373cec8e956430521b17ce3996a44283aaba → 43d3ff01c97b841e54f9fff604edd519b711dd04 

Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. New commits:
43d3ff0  Removed duplicate code

comment:5 Changed 9 years ago by
Commit:  43d3ff01c97b841e54f9fff604edd519b711dd04 → c07475f78e4434cfd4424b3c09a502e3db22b323 

Branch pushed to git repo; I updated commit sha1. New commits:
c07475f  Removed non needed argument from raw_input()

comment:6 Changed 8 years ago by
Milestone:  sage6.3 → sage6.4 

comment:7 Changed 8 years ago by
Cc:  Jakob Kroeker added 

comment:8 Changed 8 years ago by
It seems to me that until the interface is designed properly, it will always have these issues. What is probably the most sensible approach is to use the C interface to Mathematica's published API, called MathLink?
http://www.wolfram.com/learningcenter/tutorialcollection/MathLinkDevelopmentInC/
like "jmath" uses
http://robotics.caltech.edu/~radford/jmath/
See the
The total source code for that is under 1000 lines, and makes use of functions like MLInitialize, MLActivate etc.
Sure it will take a bit more time to get it right, but it seems to me a better longterm approach.
Dave
comment:9 Changed 8 years ago by
I agree that this is not a good solution: at the time I needed something quick and this was the fastest way I could get it to work. In the long term using MathLink? is a better idea but I am not sure there is interest enough in this feature to justify the effort.
S.
comment:10 Changed 8 years ago by
Robert Jacobson indicated he wanted to do this last month
I was the only one to make any comments. Perhaps he might want to complete what he started.
Dave
comment:11 Changed 8 years ago by
Reviewers:  → Nathan Dunfield 

Status:  needs_review → positive_review 
I tried out this patch with Mathematica 8, 9, and 10. It worked fine with all of them, so moving to positive review. A more robust interface would of course be better, but at least this will mean that the Mathematica interface isn't broken "out of the box" as it has been for several years now...
comment:12 Changed 8 years ago by
Branch:  u/etn40ff/mathematica_10 → c07475f78e4434cfd4424b3c09a502e3db22b323 

Resolution:  → fixed 
Status:  positive_review → closed 
comment:13 followup: 15 Changed 8 years ago by
Commit:  c07475f78e4434cfd4424b3c09a502e3db22b323 

I get failing mathematica doctests (with version 10.0). I created #18888. Do you also get the same failing tests as me?
comment:14 Changed 8 years ago by
Edit:: I did not realize before posting but I had some issues on my Sage install so my reply was completey wrong; please dirsegard the rest of this comment.
It looks like the errors are not related to mathematica (at least some of them are not):
$ which math math not found $ sage t warnlong 2.3 src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx Running doctests with ID 20150713161433bf78acfd. Git branch: develop Using optional=python2,sage,scons Doctesting 1 file. sage t warnlong 2.3 src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx ********************************************************************** File "src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx", line 1061, in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.__int__ Warning, slow doctest: int(log(8)/log(2)) Test ran for 3.46 s ********************************************************************** File "src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx", line 1063, in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.__int__ Warning, slow doctest: int(log(8)/log(2)) Test ran for 2.46 s ********************************************************************** File "src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx", line 2385, in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.__nonzero__ Failed example: bool(log(2)*Infinity == Infinity) Expected: True Got: False ********************************************************************** File "src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx", line 4071, in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.expand Failed example: (c/2*(5*(3*a*b*x*y*p*q)^2)^(7/2*c)).expand() Expected: 1/2*45^(7/2*c)*(a^2*b^2*x^2*y^2)^(7/2*c)*c*p^(7*c)*q^(7*c) Got: 1/2*(45*a^2*b^2*p^2*q^2*x^2*y^2)^(7/2*c)*c ********************************************************************** File "src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx", line 4073, in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.expand Failed example: (((a*x*p)^3*(b*y*p)^3)^(c/2)).expand() Expected: (a^3*b^3*x^3*y^3)^(1/2*c)*p^(3*c) Got: (a^3*b^3*p^6*x^3*y^3)^(1/2*c) ********************************************************************** File "src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx", line 5155, in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression._numerical_approx Warning, slow doctest: all(len(str(e.n(digits=k)))1 >= k for k in ks) Test ran for 4.45 s ********************************************************************** File "src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx", line 10884, in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression._plot_fast_callable Warning, slow doctest: plot(s) Test ran for 2.43 s ********************************************************************** 2 items had failures: 1 of 70 in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.__nonzero__ 2 of 22 in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.expand [2464 tests, 3 failures, 49.88 s]  sage t warnlong 2.3 src/sage/symbolic/expression.pyx # 3 doctests failed  Total time for all tests: 50.8 seconds cpu time: 48.0 seconds cumulative wall time: 49.9 seconds
comment:15 Changed 8 years ago by
comment:16 followup: 17 Changed 8 years ago by
Cc:  Dima Pasechnik added 

In an attempt to run the '#optional  mathematica' doctests automatically (see #18904), we noticed that running 'mathematica(1)' hangs forever when mathematica is not installed. Dima created a ticket for this (#18908), and I post here because it is where mathreadline
was apparently created.
Unless the bug comes from the modification made in #16077.
Nathann
comment:17 Changed 8 years ago by
Replying to ncohen:
In an attempt to run the '#optional  mathematica' doctests automatically (see #18904), we noticed that running 'mathematica(1)' hangs forever when mathematica is not installed. Dima created a ticket for this (#18908), and I post here because it is where
mathreadline
was apparently created.Unless the bug comes from the modification made in #16077
no, that wrapper (original or updated) does not check whether math
can be called.
And it uses obsolete os.popen
stuff, too...
comment:18 Changed 8 years ago by
This is a quick fix. We should probably use the occasion to rewrite the wrapper without os.popen
diff git a/src/bin/mathreadline b/src/bin/mathreadline index 49a58a1..8175c77 100755  a/src/bin/mathreadline +++ b/src/bin/mathreadline @@ 6,6 +6,19 @@ # http://aspn.activestate.com/ASPN/Cookbook/Python/Recipe/363500 import os, sys + +installed = False + +for path in os.environ["PATH"].split(os.pathsep): + path = path.strip('"') + exe_file = os.path.join(path, 'math') + if os.path.isfile(exe_file) and os.access(exe_file, os.X_OK): + installed = True + break + +if not installed: + raise RuntimeError("Could not find math in the system path.") + f1 = os.popen('math ', 'w') f1.flush() try:
comment:19 followup: 20 Changed 8 years ago by
I did a little research and it looks like this wrapper is duplicated effort and we should get rid of it. We should be able to call math
via rlfe
, which is part of the standard GNU readline implementation, simply as
rfle math
Alternatively there are plenty more, maybe too fancy for our purpose, wrappers like rlwrap
.
comment:20 followup: 21 Changed 8 years ago by
I did a little research and it looks like this wrapper is duplicated effort and we should get rid of it. We should be able to call
math
viarlfe
, which is part of the standard GNU readline implementation
I don't thinkrlfe
is part of Sage currently, and it's not installed by default on Ubuntu or OS X. While there are many tools available that do the work of the current wrapper, it does have the advantage of being a tiny script with no dependencies other than Python itself.
comment:21 Changed 8 years ago by
Replying to dunfield:
I did a little research and it looks like this wrapper is duplicated effort and we should get rid of it. We should be able to call
math
viarlfe
, which is part of the standard GNU readline implementationI don't think
rlfe
is part of Sage currently, and it's not installed by default on Ubuntu or OS X. While there are many tools available that do the work of the current wrapper, it does have the advantage of being a tiny script with no dependencies other than Python itself.
Ok, I guess sticking to the python script is the better option here. Should I write a more modern version or should we use the patch from comment 18? Either option works for me.
comment:22 Changed 8 years ago by
let's move this over to #18908. This ticket is closed, and should stay so.
New commits:
Fix Mathematica interface by passing through readline