Opened 7 years ago
Last modified 6 years ago
#14279 needs_work defect
Coercion for homsets
Reported by: | SimonKing | Owned by: | nthiery |
---|---|---|---|
Priority: | major | Milestone: | sage-6.4 |
Component: | categories | Keywords: | |
Cc: | Merged in: | ||
Authors: | Simon King | Reviewers: | |
Report Upstream: | N/A | Work issues: | documentation |
Branch: | Commit: | ||
Dependencies: | #11490, #14214, #14249, #14225, #14278 | Stopgaps: |
Description
Homsets are parents that, up to now, do not use Sage's coercion model and do not use element classes. Morphisms are elements that, up to now, would define a custom __mul__
and __add__
and so on.
The purpose of this ticket is to use the new framework. As you can imagine, this involves many changes. One important change: I let sage.categories.map.Map
inherit from sage.structure.element.ModuleElement
. Not all homsets are modules, of course, but when they are, then one can simply define single underscore _add_
, _rmul_
and _composition_
(the latter is for composition of maps) as usual, so that one does not need to overload __mul__
so often.
Another important change: Domain and codomain of a morphism used to be parents, but that's wrong, because parents are CategoryObject
s that contain elements, but we can speak of morphisms (purely categorically) without elements. Hence, I changed domain and codomain into CategoryObject
.
In sage.homology, no reasonable base classes were used: Everything was directly inheriting from SageObject
. I improved this.
While I was at it, I was fixing some homset related pickling problems, and I implemented a cache for a parent where that has been previously tried unsuccessfully.
It is difficult to say what component this ticket belongs to. I try "categories".
Attachments (2)
Change History (9)
Changed 7 years ago by
comment:1 Changed 7 years ago by
- Status changed from new to needs_review
I change it into "needs review", in order to let the patchbot do some work.
However, it will need a second patch, that improves documentation. But I certainly would like to get some input at that point.
comment:2 Changed 7 years ago by
I think it makes sense to introduce a new type of action (i.e., a subclass of sage.categories.action.Action) for multiplying maps by composition.
The advantages:
- Actions are cached. Hence, only when the action is created for the first time, it is needed to check whether the codomain of the right factor matches the domain of the left factor. Currently, this is checked in every single multiplication.
- Moreover, the action can keep a reference on the homset that contains the composed map, so that there is no need to call the Hom function in every single multiplication.
- Using actions is, I think, part of using the new coercion model.
The disadvantage:
_get_action_
is a cpdef method. Unfortunately, Python/Cython? tends to confuse cpdef/cdef methods when one creates a class inheriting from two different cdef classes. Here, it means thatHomset._get_action_
is not available when one definessage.modular.abvar.homspace.EndomorphismSubring
as subclass of both Homset and Ring.
Solution of this problem: Drop Ring. Instead, implement the ring properties of EndomorphismSubring
by using the category framework.
These timings show the advantage of using actions (in each example, the first timing is with both patches, the second timing is with the first patch only):
- Both patches
sage: A = ModularForms(1, 4) sage: B = ModularForms(1, 16) sage: C = ModularForms(1, 28) sage: F = A.Hom(B)(matrix(QQ,1,2,srange(1, 3))) sage: G = B.Hom(C)(matrix(QQ,2,3,srange(1, 7))) sage: %timeit x=G*F 10000 loops, best of 3: 95.8 us per loop
Only first patch:sage: %timeit x=G*F 10000 loops, best of 3: 117 us per loop
- Both patches
sage: from sage.categories.morphism import SetMorphism sage: X.<x> = ZZ[] sage: Y = ZZ sage: Z = QQ sage: phi_xy = SetMorphism(Hom(X, Y, Rings()), lambda p: p[0]) sage: phi_yz = SetMorphism(Hom(Y, Z, CommutativeAdditiveMonoids()), lambda y: QQ(y)/2) sage: %timeit x = phi_yz * phi_xy 100000 loops, best of 3: 6.37 us per loop
Only first patch:sage: %timeit x = phi_yz * phi_xy 100000 loops, best of 3: 14.8 us per loop
- Both patches:
sage: R.<x,y> = QQ[] sage: S.<a,b> = QQ[] sage: f = R.hom([x+y,x-y],R) sage: f = R.hom([a+b,a-b]) sage: g = S.hom([x+y,x-y]) sage: %timeit x = f*g 1000 loops, best of 3: 274 us per loop
First patch only:sage: %timeit x = f*g 1000 loops, best of 3: 389 us per loop
TODO
Provide another patch, namely for documentation.
comment:3 Changed 7 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-5.11 to sage-5.12
comment:4 Changed 6 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-6.1 to sage-6.2
comment:5 Changed 6 years ago by
- Status changed from needs_review to needs_work
- Work issues set to documentation
comment:6 Changed 6 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-6.2 to sage-6.3
comment:7 Changed 6 years ago by
- Milestone changed from sage-6.3 to sage-6.4
Main patch, needs better documentation of the changes