# Ticket #7232(new defect)

Opened 4 years ago

## fix tachyon segfault introduced by #6542

Reported by: Owned by: was was major sage-5.10 graphics mhampton N/A

This pretty much says it all:

```sage: a = 1
sage: b = 0
sage: c = 0
sage:
sage: f = lambda t: ((a*c*cos(t) - b*sin(t))/sqrt(a^2+b^2), (b*c*cos(t) +
....: a*sin(t))/sqrt(a^2+b^2), cos(t)*sqrt(a^2+b^2))
sage: t = Tachyon(camera_center=(0,0,0))
sage: t.texture('t')
sage: t.light((-20,-20,40), 0.2, (1,1,1))
sage: t.parametric_plot(f,0,2*pi,'t',min_depth=6)
sage:
sage: t.show()
sh: line 1:  2214 Segmentation fault      tachyon /Users/wstein/.sage//temp/flat.local/2161//tmp_2.dat -format PNG -o /Users/wstein/.sage//temp/flat.local/2161//tmp_1.png > /dev/null
```

Note, that this was I think caused by #6542.

## Change History

### comment:1 Changed 4 years ago by was

• Description modified (diff)
```
On Thu, Oct 15, 2009 at 7:59 PM, Elliott <elliottbrossard@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Hello, I was going to use sagenb.org today to verify a plot for my
> math homework, but I kept getting segmentation faults for some odd
> (and rather scary) reason. I made a mistake and used "typeof" instead
> of "type" and got
>
> typeof((1, 2, 3))
> ///
> Traceback (most recent call last):
>  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
>  File "_sage_input_5.py", line 4, in <module>
>    _sage_const_3 = Integer(3); _sage_const_2 = Integer(2);
> _sage_const_1 = Integer(1)
> NameError: name 'Integer' is not defined
>
> Then I tried "type?" and got a segmentation fault, which does not
> appear in the log. Trying again gave me the same segfault. Also, I
> became unable to evaluate 1 + 1:
>
> 1 + 1
> ///
> Traceback (most recent call last):
>  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
>  File "_sage_input_2.py", line 6, in <module>
>    _sage_const_1 = Integer(1)
> NameError: name 'Integer' is not defined
>
> I logged out and then logged back in, same issue with segfaulting and
> names being undefined. Just now (a few hours later) I logged in, but
> could not reproduce the error.

I was upgrading Sage on sagenb.org to the new version (sage-4.1.2)., which took about an hour today.  Unfortunately, I didn't do the rather complicated dance of upgrading a different install, shutting down sagenb.org, starting it with the other install, etc.   This meant that sagenb.org was unstable for about 30 minutes.

> However, when I try to plot the 3D
> parametric function I was going to plot earlier, I get a less verbose
> segfault, but one that does show up in the log.

>
> a = 1
> b = 0
> c = 0
>
> f = lambda t: ((a*c*cos(t) - b*sin(t))/sqrt(a^2+b^2), (b*c*cos(t) +
> a*sin(t))/sqrt(a^2+b^2), cos(t)*sqrt(a^2+b^2))
> t = Tachyon(camera_center=(0,0,0))
> t.texture('t')
> t.light((-20,-20,40), 0.2, (1,1,1))
> t.parametric_plot(f,0,2*pi,'t',min_depth=6)
>
> t.show()
> ///
> Segmentation fault

This is not Sage segfaulting but the Tachyon subprocess.
I.e., the Sage process is not segfaulting.  It is running the Tachyon ray tracer on a certain input file, and that ray tracer is crashing.

As a workaround, you can use Sage's own parametric_plot command instead of using the Tachyon object:

a = 1; b = 0; c = 0
var('t')

f = ((a*c*cos(t) - b*sin(t))/sqrt(a^2+b^2),
(b*c*cos(t) + a*sin(t))/sqrt(a^2+b^2), cos(t)*sqrt(a^2+b^2))

parametric_plot(f, (t,0,2*pi))

If you want it rendered with Tachyon, you can do:

parametric_plot(f, (t,0,2*pi), viewer='tachyon')

Regarding the Tachyon segfault, it's not special to the notebook -- it happens on my other Sage installs and even happens on OS X:
...
sage: t.show()
sh: line 1:  2106 Segmentation fault      tachyon /Users/wstein/.sage//temp/flat.local/2053//tmp_2.dat -format PNG -o /Users/wstein/.sage//temp/flat.local/2053//tmp_1.png > /dev/null

This is a bug that was introduced in the Sage-4.1 --> Sage-4.1.1 release cycle (so 2-3 months ago).   It doesn't happen in sage-4.1, but it does in sage-4.1.1.   The Tachyon spkg

tachyon-0.98beta.p9.spkg

is the same in all cases, so the problem must be with the input that is being sent to Tachyon.   Indeed, the script being fed into Tachyon is totally different in sage-4.1.1 than in sage-4.1. Diffing them:

< = "old one that worked" and > = "new one":

<               center None
<               viewdir None
<               updir None
---
>               center  0.0 0.0 0.0
>               viewdir  0.0 0.0 0.0
>               updir  0.0 0.0 1.0
20c20
<         color None texfunc 0
---
>         color  1.0 0.0 0.5  texfunc 0
23c23
<         light center None
---
>         light center  -20.0 -20.0 40.0
25c25
<               color None
---
>               color  1.0 1.0 1.0
28c28
<         sphere center None rad 0.1 t
---
>         sphere center  0.0 0.0 1.0  rad 0.1 t

...

Checking trac we find ticket #6542 (http://trac.sagemath.org/sage_trac/ticket/6542) which has a ticket with basically a 1-line patch by Marshall Hampton refereed by Tim Dumol that introduced these changes.

So, Marshall -- I hope you will fix that you broken Sage's Tachyon ASAP.
And Elliott, you get a chocolate for finding and reporting a bug!  :-)
```

### comment:2 Changed 3 years ago by mhampton

• Report Upstream set to N/A

### comment:3 Changed 2 months ago by leif

(Still) Reproducible with Sage 5.8.beta3... :-)

### comment:4 Changed 2 months ago by leif

Interestingly, it segfaults after having read the whole input file (and also with just one thread):

```(sage-sh) \$ tachyon tachyon-example.dat +V -numthreads 1 -format PNG -o tachyon-example.png
Tachyon Parallel/Multiprocessor Ray Tracer   Version 0.98.9
Copyright 1994-2010,    John E. Stone <john.stone@gmail.com>
------------------------------------------------------------
Scene Parsing Time:     0.0052 seconds
CPU Information:
Node    0:  2 CPUs, CPU Speed 1.00, Node Speed   2.00 Name: sleepless
Total CPUs: 2
Total Speed: 2.000000

Scene contains 514 objects.
Global bounds: -0.1 -1.1 -1.1 -> 0.1 1.1 1.1
Creating top level grid: X:12 Y:12 Z:12
Grid:  X: 12  Y: 12  Z: 12  Cells:     1728  Obj:      513  Obj/Cell:   0.297
Scene contains 1 non-gridded objects

Allocating Image Buffer.
Preprocessing Time:     0.0088 seconds
Segmentation fault:         0% complete
```

(But the segfault actually completes. ;-) )

### Changed 2 months ago by leif

Tachyon input file for the example given in the ticket's description. (Plain text)

### Changed 2 months ago by leif

Tachyon input file generated by the example in sage/plot/plot3d/tachyon.py, around line 490 (as of Sage 5.8.beta3). (Plain text)

### comment:5 Changed 2 months ago by strogdon

Tachyon seems to bomb out on the original example in the limit as camera_center->(0,0,0). Then, from tachyon.py viewdir=(0,0,0), which may not make sense; although on other examples I've tried when camera_center and viewdir are the zero vector then Tachyon returns an empty image. For the given example using

```t = Tachyon(camera_center=(1.e-30,1.e-30,1.e-30))
```

does give, a not very interesting, image. How small vector_center can be and not cause Tachyon to bomb out my be hardware/software specific. With

```t = Tachyon(camera_center=(-3,3,0))
```

I get an image similar to the parametric_plot() output. This sounds like a Tachyon bug.

### comment:6 follow-up: ↓ 7 Changed 2 months ago by leif

Just built Sage 5.8.rc0 on a Linux x86 box (Pentium4 Prescott, GCC 4.7.2), and there testing sage/interfaces/tachyon.py doesn't give a (silent) segfault, but instead:

```Tachyon Parallel/Multiprocessor Ray Tracer   Version 0.98.9
Copyright 1994-2010,    John E. Stone <john.stone@gmail.com>
------------------------------------------------------------
Scene Parsing Time:     0.0002 seconds
Scene contains 1 objects.
Preprocessing Time:     0.0000 seconds
Rendering Progress:       100% complete
Ray Tracing Time:     0.0523 seconds
writetgaregion: file ptr out of range!!!

Image I/O Time:     0.0036 seconds
```

(One only sees this with --verbose.)

### comment:7 in reply to: ↑ 6 Changed 2 months ago by leif

Just built Sage 5.8.rc0 on a Linux x86 box (Pentium4 Prescott, GCC 4.7.2), and there testing sage/interfaces/tachyon.py doesn't give a (silent) segfault, but [...]

Ooops, perhaps more importantly, verbosely testing sage/plot/plot3d/tachyon.py doesn't show any errors.

### comment:8 Changed 2 months ago by leif

... after 75+ minutes CPU time, this Tachyon is still at 0% rendering progress for the example from the description ... 8-/

### comment:9 Changed 2 months ago by leif

... while the example from the doctest renders quick and well.

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