# Ticket #12080: trac_12080_manin_constant.patch

File trac_12080_manin_constant.patch, 6.3 KB (added by wuthrich, 4 years ago)

patch exported against 4.7.2

• ## sage/schemes/elliptic_curves/ell_rational_field.py

# HG changeset patch
# User Chris Wuthrich <christian.wuthrich@gmail.com>
# Date 1322505476 0
# Node ID 7fb1c96400c8b006f5a0e8ea17e929c6999a5c21
# Parent  9e29a3d84c48c399daaf3920bcb8b17273a0e876
trac #12080: corrections for the manin constant

diff --git a/sage/schemes/elliptic_curves/ell_rational_field.py b/sage/schemes/elliptic_curves/ell_rational_field.py
 a Moreover for all algorithms, computing a certain value of an L-function "uses a heuristic method that discerns when L-function 'uses a heuristic method that discerns when the real-number approximation to the modular degree is within epsilon [=0.01 for algorithm="sympow"] of the same integer for 3 epsilon [=0.01 for algorithm='sympow'] of the same integer for 3 consecutive trials (which occur maybe every 25000 coefficients or so). Probably it could just round at some point. For rigour, you would need to bound the tail by assuming (essentially) that all the that it doesn't do the sum in 1-2-3-4 order; it uses 1-2-4-8--3-6-12-24-9-18- (Euler product style) instead, and so you have to guess ahead of time at what point to curtail this expansion." (Quote from an email of Mark Watkins.) expansion.' (Quote from an email of Mark Watkins.) .. note:: def manin_constant(self): r""" Return the Manin constant of this elliptic curve. Return the Manin constant of this elliptic curve. If \phi: X_0(N) \to E is the modular parametrization of minimal degree, then the Manin constant c is defined to be the rational number c such that \phi^*(\omega_E) = c\cdot \omega_f where \omega_E is a Neron differential and \omega_f = f(q) dq/q is the differential on X_0(N) corresponding to the newform f attached to the isogeny class of E. It is known that the Manin constant is an integer. It is conjectured that in each class there is at least one, more precisely the so-called strong Weil curve or X_0(N)-optimal curve, that has Manin constant 1. OUTPUT: an integer This function only works if the curve is in the installed sage: EllipticCurve('11a1').manin_constant() 1 sage: EllipticCurve('11a2').manin_constant() 5 1 sage: EllipticCurve('11a3').manin_constant() 5 Check that it works even if the curve is non-minimal:: sage: EllipticCurve('11a1').short_weierstrass_model().manin_constant() 1 An example where the isogeny class is large, so it's not completely trivial to find the minimal degree of an isogeny to the optimal curve:: sage: [EllipticCurve('210b%s'%i).manin_constant() for i in [1..8]] [1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 6, 12, 12] Make sure the special case 990h is treated correctly, i.e., that 990h3 has Manin constant 1:: sage: [EllipticCurve('990h%s'%i).manin_constant() for i in [1..4]] [3, 6, 1, 2] This plots helps you see that the above Manin constants are right.  Note that the vertex labels are 0-based unlike the Cremona isogeny labels:: sage: EllipticCurve('210b1').isogeny_graph().plot(edge_labels=True) """ label = self.cremona_label() optimal = self.optimal_curve() if optimal == self: return Integer(1) L, v = self._shortest_paths() i = L.index(optimal) return v[i] sage: EllipticCurve('11a3').change_weierstrass_model([1/35,0,0,0]).manin_constant() 5 Rather complicated examples (see #12080) :: sage: [ EllipticCurve('27a%s'%i).manin_constant() for i in [1,2,3,4]] [1, 1, 3, 3] sage: [ EllipticCurve('80b%s'%i).manin_constant() for i in [1,2,3,4]] [1, 2, 1, 2] """ from sage.databases.cremona import CremonaDatabase if self.conductor() > CremonaDatabase().largest_conductor(): raise NotImplementedError, "The Manin constant can only be evaluated for curves in Cremona's tables. If you have not done so, you may wish to install the optional large database." E = self.minimal_model() C = self.optimal_curve() _, m = C.isogeny_class() ma = max(max(x) for x in m) OmC = C.period_lattice().basis() OmE = E.period_lattice().basis() q_plus = QQ(gp.bestappr(OmE[0]/OmC[0],ma+1) ) n_plus = q_plus.numerator() cinf_E = E.real_components() cinf_C = C.real_components() OmC_minus = OmC[1].imag() if cinf_C == 1: OmC_minus *= 2 OmE_minus = OmE[1].imag() if cinf_E == 1: OmE_minus *= 2 q_minus = QQ(gp.bestappr(OmE_minus/OmC_minus, ma+1)) n_minus = q_minus.numerator() n = ZZ(n_minus * n_plus) if cinf_C == cinf_E: return n # otherwise they have different number of connected component and we have to adjust for this elif cinf_C > cinf_E: if ZZ(n_plus) % 2 == 0 and ZZ(n_minus) % 2 == 0: return n // 2 else: return n else: #if cinf_C < cinf_E: if q_plus.denominator() % 2 == 0 and q_minus.denominator() % 2 == 0: return n else: return n*2 def _shortest_paths(self): r""" Technical internal function that returns the list of isogenies OUTPUT: list, dict EXAMPLES:: sage: EllipticCurve('11a1')._shortest_paths() # to the optimal curve. v = [deg for num, deg in v.iteritems() if deg]  # get just the degrees return arith.LCM(v) ########################################################## # Galois Representations